Recycling Boss Cites ‘Alarming’ Environmental Breaches By LED Vendors


Recycling Boss Cites ‘Alarming’ Environmental Breaches By LED VendorsOne out of every five LED bulbs sold through independent online retail websites in the UK violates environmental law, according to a non-profit company that oversees lamp recycling for the industry in Britain.

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Nigel Harvey, CEO of Recolight, said most of the vendors providing the non-compliant products are based in China including Hong Kong, yet many of the bulbs are available for next-day delivery. The companies are selling the lamps through “some online multi-seller retailers,” he noted. Recolight did not publicly name either the retailers or the vendors and brands.

The bulb makers have failed to comply with what’s known as the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) law, Harvey said. WEEE is a European Union directive, and as such has been written as statutes in the UK and the other EU countries. It stipulates requirements for disposing, recycling, and reusing products and materials.

WEEE obliges manufacturers to sign up as WEEE-registered companies, and that’s where many overseas vendors are allegedly straying.

Harvey pointed out that an astounding number of manufacturers do not appear on the list of WEEE-registered companies published by the UK government’s Environment Agency.

“We were both surprised and alarmed by our findings,” Harvey said. “If our estimates are correct, it would appear that WEEE free riding through some online multi-seller platforms has reached epidemic proportions.”

Recolight estimated that as many as 20% of all LED bulbs sold through the websites do not comply. It based this figure on the number of unregistered companies, the average size of sales, and the volume of reviews of LED bulbs in general. The Croydon, England-based company has submitted its information to consultants who are preparing a report about online WEEE compliance for the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

While the manufacturers would be in violation, it is believed that loopholes mean that the online retailers themselves are not.

“Recolight will be calling on ministers [government office holders] to close this loophole in the forthcoming review of the WEEE regulations, provisionally set for this autumn,” Harvey said.

“What is more, WEEE could just be the tip of the iceberg: While it is very easy to check WEEE compliance, it is harder to verify electrical safety, CE, VAT, and import duty compliance,” he added. “If a company has not complied with WEEE, how certain is it that they comply with other UK requirements? Non-compliance is bad for legitimate businesses, and gives the non-compliant company unfair competitive advantage. So we are pleased that the OECD will be publishing a report into this problem later this year.”

Recolight is funded by lighting vendors to implement WEEE practices, such as collecting bulbs from local centers, hauling them away and crushing and recycling them. It handles a multitude of lamp technologies including compact fluorescent, halogen, metal halide, and LEDs. While long-lasting LED bulbs make up only a small proportion of all recycled bulbs, LED manufacturers still must participate in the scheme.


MARK HALPER is a contributing editor for LEDs Magazine, and an energy, technology, and business journalist (



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